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Honesty

Honesty

امانة

Be honest with those who are honest with you and never betray those who betray you.

 The word “Honest” is related to “tranquility”, which leads to “security.” There are three words that have a kind of correlation, namely: security, honesty and faith. The common sense among them is tranquility.

Honesty shows confidence, and confidence is tranquility; security means not to be afraid, which is tranquility; and faith is acceptance and compliance, in both of which there are stability and tranquility. IT is a name that indicates everything a human is entrusted on.

Terminological definition:

Terminological, honesty is every material or moral right a person is required to do and take care of. It was defined as: to have continence – when capable not to – of money and sanctities the human is trusted on, and to give back deposits to their owners.

Everything Allah has ordered His servants is a part of honesty, such as praying, almsgiving, fasting and paying off debt. The most confirmed of all parts of honesty is the deposit, and the most confirmed of deposits is keeping secrets. Morally, honesty means to have vigilant conscience and to promote every tangible or moral thing required from a person.

Allah’s Honesty:

Honesty is a serious obligation of the ordinances of Islam, one of its great morals and a higher value of its noble values. Allah has offered it to the great things he created, including the heavens, the earth and mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it, because of its heavy onus.

However, because of their injustice and foolishness, humans bore its responsibility, which means to fulfill and maintain Allah’s duties in faith, worship and obedience; to give each person their right; keep one’s organs from doing sins; give back deposits to their owners; respond to the command of Allah; spread the faith and good manners; and imitate the honest of Allah’s servants in the land, like prophets and apostles.

Feature of prophets:

Honesty is the first necessity of prophecy and the message, and the most prominent feature of every reporter of Allah. It is honesty and the message with Noah, honesty and advice with Hud, honesty and prestige with Joseph, honesty and strength with Moses and honesty and sincerity with the last prophet, Mohamed, who has been known by it since his childhood.

People of Mecca chose him to be a judge in their rivalries and left their deposits with him, while they were refusing his religion. Even when they conspired to kill him to prevent him from immigration, he left Ali bin Abi Talib after him, to give back to the conspirators their deposits and savings he had. He was the honest person ever known, to the perfection.

Honesty in the Quran:

The Holy Quran speaks about honesty as a necessary feature for believers in chapters (surah) of Al-Muminun (23) and Al-Ma’arij (70); then it stopped for it in three verses of three chapters. The first of which is the verse of debt (2:283,) where the order came expressly for those who are entrusted to give back the deposits and to fear Allah. The second verse, (4:58,) brought an explicit order to give back deposits to their owners and to judge with justice between people.

Then, the third verse, namely (33:72,) spoke about how all major worlds of creation declined to bear honesty and feared it, having offered to them, and how humans undertook to bear that great task, because of their injustice and ignorance, as torment awaits the hypocrites and polytheists, and repent and pay wait for people of faith.

Honesty in Sunnah:

Sunnah raised so much the virtue of honesty and warned of wasting it and of its aftermath, ordering its performance and considering it one of the four that are equivalent to the whole world, which are keeping deposits, sincerity of speaking, good manners and chastity in food.

As well, it considered secrets of assemblies as deposits; that the advisor is trusted, so whoever does not advise honestly is a betrayer; and that the muezzin is trustee on the dates and times. Moreover, who is not honest does not have faith. The loss of honesty, which means to assign the unqualified, is one the Signs of the Hour.

Types of honesty:

In Islamic concepts, the meaning of honesty includes many sections and species. The first of which is honesty with one’s Lord, which can only be achieved through performing His duties and staying away from His inhibition. The following areas are, for example, other types of honesty:

– In worship:

It means that a Muslim ought to perform religious duties as they should and maintain prayer, fasting, honoring parents and duties that must be performed honestly to Allah.

– In organs:

Organs of the human body are trusted to the person; thus Muslims must maintain and preserve them and not be used them wrongly. The eye, the ear, the hand and the foot are all requires honesty to be used.

– In deposits:

A deposit should be given to its owners, as it is, when they ask for it, if they are heathens, like what the Prophet, Mohamed did with them, as they used to leave their deposits with him to keep them for them.

– In work:

It means that workers must do their best in work, mastering its performance and in the best possible manner; that students must be diligent in their study and that each person performs assiduously their duty.

– In speaking:

A Muslim should be committed to serious word and understand the value of the word and its importance. A person may enter the Paradise thanks to a word and may utter a word that angers Allah, so falls in the Hell.

– In responsibility:

Every responsibility over a thing is a trust, which needs honesty, in the neck of the responsible, whether they are a governor, a parent, a child, a man or a woman. Everyone, regardless of their position in the hierarchy of responsibilities, is a shepherd and is responsible for their flock.

– In keeping secrets:

Assemblies are full of secrets, and every Muslim ought to keep the secret of their brothers and sisters. Every speech a spokesperson says in front of a recipient is of their secrets, and secrets are deposits.

– In selling:

A Muslim neither cheats nor betrays anyone. Omar bin Al-Khattab has tested a shepherd, saying: “Sell me a sheep and tell your master that the wolf ate it.” The shepherd said: “Where is Allah?” Then, Omar wept.

Being far of betrayal:

Just like honesty is a sign of faith and a necessity for Muslims, the betrayal, which is the antithesis of honesty, is one of the four signs of hypocrisy, which are lying, betrayal, treachery and debauchery. All those who do not perform Allah’s duties are traitor, and Allah does not like treacherous, for whom He has prepared a torment, shame and regret in the day of Resurrection.

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