Caliph of Allah on earth, gathered royalty and the prophecy; it was granted him the grant of wisdom and the art to judge well. With him, the birds and the mountains took the intonations of Zebour. Iron was made malleable for him; he makes with it ample hauberks with much adjusted stitches. He fasted one day and took a rest one day; he only eats what he won his own work.
Identification: He is the Prophet King David ben Eycha ben Aawid ben Aaber ben Salomon ben Nahshoun ben Yarb ben Iram ben Hasroun ben Varas ben Yahouda ben Jacob ben Isac ben Abraham El Khalil. He is part of the eminent messengers of which one spoke in the Saint Koran where his name has been mentioned in sixteen places of the Saint Book. Allah gave him the prophecy and royalty, revealed him the Zebour (the songs (mezmurs) of David) and sent him like messenger to his partisan sons of Israel.
Context of the apparition: The power was separated from the religion at the Israeli after Youshaa ben Noun who drove them after Moses and Aeron. He is who brought them in the holy earth where they refused to enter there during the time of Moses. This is how he took care of the affairs of the populations that has been directed by chiefs whose time was characterized by the laziness, the weakness fished them, poverty; the phenomena of idolatry took in the beliefs. The role of their messengers has been reduced to the advice and orientation. This is how every time they receive a messenger, they kill him and accuse him of lie. Allah imposed them the enemies who robbed them, captivated and dispersed until that they pulled them the sacred ark contains the relics of the families of Moses and Aeron.
King Saül (Thâlout): in these difficult circumstances and at the moment people knew an unprecedented weakness and in leader’s absence that manages their affairs, was born a blessed child by Allah who made it grow in the best conditions. When he reached his adolescence, Allah chooses him like Prophet and Messenger to his people to renew the preaches for the religion and unification of Allah the Supreme, the dismissal of the idols. The Saint Koran didn’t specify this Prophet’s identity that one calls in the heritage of the believers ” Samuel ”. His partisans asked him to designate them a king under the command of which they will fight their enemies. The Prophet took their engagement to fight when it is ordered them to make it. They confirmed him their engagement for the holy war. At this moment he informed them that Allah chose them Saül (Thâlout) as king; they refused the right of supremacy of Thalout and denied his superiority on the material plan. He explained to them that Allah approached it and granted him more knowledge and physical force. Allah gives the favor to who He wants.
Return of the ark: the fact caused the apparition of a miracle observed by all, to make the sons of Israel accept the royalty of Saül (Thâlout). The big miracle was the return of the sacred ark previously pulled by the enemies in past conquests. In this Ark there were the relics of the shelves of the Bible and the stick of Moses. They transported the aforesaid Ark with them in the fights and surrounded it of rigorous surveillance. They believed that Allah granted them the triumph thanks to this Ark. When they saw it range by the very steady angels between them they tilted and accepted in spite of them what they didn’t want. But their availability for the fight and the holy war decreased a lot and the majority among them didn’t respect their engagement for the war owing their prophet in order to restore their houses and their children.
The stream of the hardship: before this renunciation to the war, Allah wanted to afflict the army of Saül (Thâlout. He forbade them to drink the stream pure water that is on their path. He isolated all the one that drinks the water of this stream. Most soldiers failed in this hardship, they drank the water of the stream and have been expelled of the army. When the other observed what happened, they seized this opportunity to face their shy enemy; they declared therefore that they don’t want Goliath and his soldiers. The majority abandoned the fight. He didn’t remain in the army of Saül (Thâlout that the small group that believes in God and that the victory hardly arrives only of It. It is the patience, because Allah is from the side of the patients and that the minority can prevail over the majority if it answers the only condition of the victory that is the patience; a young unknown soldier respondent in the name of David was part of this battle and by Allah’s will, killed Goliath and seized of his army
King David: After the fight with Goliath, David had a big renown and people begin to speak of him in the middle of benou Israel and recognized his size; they proclaimed it therefore king after Goliath. He was thus the second king of kingdom united of the Jewish. Allah proclaimed him Caliph on earth and recommended him to apply the justice between the men; he forbade him to accept his desires. He was therefore an example of direct honest that directs with justice while applying the divine regulation. In the heritage of the believers to the holy books, one described King David as the more deserving and most honest of the Jewish kings.
David the Prophet: Even though the Jewish and the Christian only considered it as king, it was revealed well in the holy Koran that Allah united him the prophecy and royalty. The Prophet David had a very beautiful voice, while reading the intonations of Zebour that have been revealed to him; people, the dins, the birds and the wild animals regroup around him and repeated with him and with the mountains the echo of his beautiful voice, an aspect of the merit that Allah offered to David with the prophecy, the Zebour, the knowledge and strength in addition to the servitude of the mountains, the art to really judge, of the malleability of iron and the beautiful voice.
The Zebour: the term Zebour is announced in a clear way in three places of the Saint Koran. as book of revelation and celestial message. It is the book revealed to the Prophet of Allah David. It generally means some: does language deliver or all handwritten book in big characters or all divine books? David’s Zebour being with the people book includes 150 songs of which most have been added after David. These songs (mezmurs) are divided in five parts with stocks and different volumes. Every part ends by Allah’s glorification. No of these parts doesn’t contain legislation or regulation, but rather a wisdom, a preaches, readings, the songs and the intonations reflecting the faith.. In David’s fifth Zebour it is said: “listen to my words, My Lord, think to my scream, hear my voice and my prayer, My Lord and My God, because I pray for You, My Lord. Every morning You hear my voice, every day I ask pout You and I wait”
The history of the litigants: the Saint Koran told the news of two litigants that climbed David’s temple. He was afraid when he saw them, but he lulled when they explained that they are two simple litigants of which one to rag the other. When they could not reach the king Prophet, they climbed the walls of his temple to expose him their different. David heard the plaintiff who pretended that his brother wanted that he yields him his unique sheep to complete his 99 sheep. David didn’t hesitate to consider unjust the position of the second while mentioning that many partners behave with unjust the some towards the other except those very few besides that are believer and that makes the good.
The hardship and the repentance: Did David understand that he was aimed directly in this example by which he has been felt. Does He have implored the forgiveness of his Lord immediately and, face against earth, did he make himself contrite, regretting his speed in the judgment. Did Allah make him remission of this that he had committed, but the Saint Koran didn’t give a precision on the manner with which he has been felt, nor on the way with which the demand of forgiveness has been formulated and by whom? Except that the significances expressed in the verses show that Allah submitted David to the hardship in these abnormal conditions that succeeded to the speed of the judgment that was yet just, before hearing the version of the second litigant, although he realized his mistake and that he rectified it in time, the speed of the judgment, in this case, was not an action of priority, that corresponds to the stage raised of prophecy. His demand of forgiveness for his action became priority and Allah surrounded it with His grace and His forgiveness.
The judgment concerning the field: An owner of a field of mature grapes presented herself before David to pity a herd of shepherds that ravaged his cultures during the night. David returned a judgment in favor of the owner of the field. Did the shepherds and their dogs leave to ask, did Salomon ask them how did David judge between you? They informed it. He said: If it was I that occupied me of your business, I was going to judge otherwise. He informed David who convened him of it: how were you going to judge between them? He says: I give the herd to the owner of the field who will appropriate his small, his milk, and all his favors; the shepherds will show the field until the crop. To this moment, the farmers will take their fields and will return the herd to the shepherds.
David’s profession: Allah united here below to the Prophet King David the kindness and of the beyond. He taught him the profession of manufacture of the ample hauberks with much adjusted stitches to protect against the dreaded weapons, widespread on time. He returned him the malleable iron as extraordinary miracle. David used some easily and to his manner without heating nor uproar. He was the first to construct hauberks made of iron with his own hand uniting the allegiance and the protection. With everything that he had like royalty and power, David only eats his personal work, and no one ever ate better than his work.
His devotion: David was a real even believing with all his sultanate and the strength of his reign and his kingdom; he was also very attached to his creator Allah, To which he always comes back with the biggest respect, the love, the divinization, the fear, the slant but also the prayer and the rapprochement. His fasting was the best because, he abstains one day on two, his prayer was the best because, it sleeps the half of the night and give himself to the prayer the third party of the night, then it sleeps the rest. He committed to make it along his life while being the king who doesn’t fear the danger of people and that doesn’t ask them anything. The taste of the supremacy and his pleasures don’t have befuddled him to take to the divinization and the cult.