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Idrees, the Prophet


Idrees was a man of truth and a prophet and Allah raised him to a high station. After Adam, he was the first prophet mentioned in the Quran. He lived some of his life during the last period of lifetime of Adam. It was told that he was first to write with a pen and the first to sew dresses.

Before Idris: It was Adam who taught his children and grandchildren religion of Allah. After he passed away, people have remained monotheist for centuries; they did not worship but Allah. Adam’s son, Seth took the task after him, but people began to escape obligations of religion and to break into its taboos. Thus, they became in need for someone to renew their faith. So, Allah sent to them a prophet of gracious, named Idrees, to remind them, urge them to do good deeds enjoin upon them what is right and forbid them what is wrong.

His lineage: He is a man of truth and the Prophet Idrees, son of Jared, son of Mehujael, son of Cain, son of Enosh, son of Seth, son of Adam. People book called him Enoch, who likely was the third grandfather of the Prophet Noah.

His birth and growth: The place of his birth was not known for sure whether it was Palestine, Babylonia or Egypt. For the date of his birth, however, it was believed that he was born at the beginning of the fourth millennium BC, during the last period of lifetime of Adam. It was said that he lived three hundred (300) years with Adam, where he grew upon his teachings, then the knowledge of his son, Seth. When Idrees was old enough, Allah gave him prophecy. Thus, he ordered his people to obey Allah and forbade spoilers of them violation of law of Allah, but only a small number of them accepted his call. He and the believers came out as migrants until they reached the Neil of Egypt, where they settled in praising Allah and calling to obey Him and to good manners.

His sermons and call: The Holy Quran mentioned neither a book nor scriptures that were revealed to Idrees. But, some historical sources mention that he had scriptures that included sermons and etiquette, which he used in calling people to adhere to the religion of Allah, worship Him without a partner and extricate themselves from the punishment of the Hereafter, through performing good deeds in the world. It was said that those scriptures were inciting people to practice asceticism in the transitory and evanescent world, ordering them to pray, fast and give, speaking hard to them about purity and depriving them of all intoxicant drinks. Some of sermons and wisdom of the Prophet Idrees were famous, such as: “good of this world is heartbreak, and its evil is remorse,” “blessed ones are who looked at themselves and their good deeds interceded for them at their Lord” and “patience with faith leads to victory.”

Teacher of civilization: Many innovations that taught civilization to humanity were attributed to the Prophet Idrees. It has been said that Allah taught him seventy two (72) languages that were ​​prevalent among people at that time, so he was able to teach all people by their language. It was told, as well, that he was the first to teach mankind urbanization and construction and that one hundred and eighty eight (188) cities were established in his time, according to some drawings and rules set by people. Almost all books of religious heritage, despite their variance, agree that the Prophet Idrees is the inventor of writing and that he was the first to sew and wear white clothes.

His status in the holy books: In the Holy Quran, Allah honored him, mentioned him explicitly, described him as a man of truth and a prophet and noted the high station He raised him to. According to some narratives about the Isra and Mi’raj, the Last Prophet, Mohamed met Idrees in the fourth sky, during the Mi’raj. It was said, however, that the Holy Book of Sabean, the Great Treasure, referred to Idrees as “Dnanokh” and spoke about him in many of its texts. He is the fourth of the seven prophets recognized by the Sabean; the first of whom is Adam and the last is John, son of Zechariah. In the Torah, he is “Enoch,” which is believed to be the linguistic root of the god and the king of the ancient Egyptians, Akhenaton.

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