“He is the greatest prophet of all time of Israelis. His mother threw him into the sea, where a Pharaoh found him and leased her to breastfeed him. He worked as a shepherd of sheep to pay dowry for the daughter of Sheikh of Median. Allah spoke to him, sent him and his brother, revealed the Old Testament (Torah) to him and supported him with the miracles.”
His name and lineage: Moses Bin Omran, a descendant of Levi, son of Jacob (Israel). Almoutewekila (Jochebed) is his mother. His brother is Aaron and his sister is Mary. They are of the eighth generation descendants of Abraham. The family of Pharaoh found him, after his mother had put him in a coffin and thrown him into the sea, in compliance with orders of Allah, the Almighty.
Egypt before Moses: Egypt believed in Allah, officially, at the time of the Prophet Joseph, but polytheism returned worse. Pharaoh Ramses II was made a God by Priests. So he became a tyrant, who is severely abusing his subjects forcing them to the drudgery and hard labor. He practiced ethnic cleansing against the sons of Israel, by instigation of the priests and sorcerers, and he ordered to kill all their male children.
His birth: Moses was born in this horrible environment. A plan for his survival and his prophecy were revealed to his mother, so she to put him in a coffin and threw it into the river. From between water and trees, the people of Pharaoh recovered him, where Pharaoh Ramses II treated him as his own son. Then they searched to get a rented woman to breastfeed him, but he refused everything except his mother’s breast. Through this, Allah made him return to her, with a large wage paid by the palace.
In the palace: Moses grew up in the palace of the Pharaohs Ramses II, with Pharaoh’s wife well taking care of him. He used to go to see his mother, which strengthened his conscience of being a descendant of Israel’s son and deepened feeling of the tragedy in which they lived, by order of Pharaoh and his entourage. He, then, lost patience to stay in the palace, as a child, then as a boy, which led him to go out a lot and get mixed with people in streets and squares.
His murder of Coptic: One day, an Israeli, who was fighting with a Copt, asked him for help. Moses struck the Copt and [unintentionally] killed him. He felt remorse then asked forgiveness of Allah Who forgave him. The same Israeli sought his help the following day, where he almost killed another Copt who reminded and advised him. He left without interfering, but he became fearful, and anticipating!
His emigration: The heads planed to assassinate Moses, but a man came to him in haste, informing him of the plot and advising him to leave Egypt. Then he left groping through the unknown, alone, with no guide, no water and/or no supplies. He walked a few days before he reached the well of Median. At this well, his attention was attracted by two women guarding a flock of sheep. When he asked them why, they informed him that their father is an old man, so he made them watering the herd.
Employee of Sheikh of Median: While Moses was resting in the shade of a tree, one of the two girls came to inform him the desire of her father to meet him. He accompanied her to the Sheik, to whom he told his story, so the Sheik reassured to Moses his survival. One of the girls suggested to her father to hire Moses. Then the Sheik proposed to Moses to marry him one of his girls in return of being his employee for a period of either eight or ten years, an offer he gladly accepted.
His prophecy: After the period ended, Moses, with his family, left out Median. While they were passing near Tur Sinai Mount, Moses saw a fire, so he stopped his family and went to the fire’s direction. Just arriving at the fire, he received the divine call. Allah spoke to him, teaching him His uniqueness, ordering him to pray and warning him both the Last Day and the temptation of those not believing in it.
His transmission: Allah showed Moses an aspect of His strength, so a stick became a snake and his hand got white without discomfort; just as preludes to the nine signs to Pharaoh, the tyrant. All politely with Allah, Moses explained his fears of revenge from Pharaoh’s people, of whom he had killed one. After being reassured by Allah, he asked the involvement of his brother, Aaron with him, a demand that was met. Then Aaron became a partner, Minister to the prophecy.
His message: Moses and Aaron went, with no hesitation, in a large double task. Its first phase was calling Pharaoh and his staff to worship Allah, giving them notifications on His message and establishing proof against them. The second phase was to save sons of Jacob (Israel) from humiliating punishment Pharaoh was practicing against them and to get them out of Egypt toward the land of Canaan (The Levant).
At the court of the Pharaoh: As Moses and Aaron stood in front of Pharaoh, they spoke softly, hoping his conversion; declaring their prophecy of the Lord of the worlds; demonstrating the attributes and qualities of Allah, the effects of His creation and abundance of His blessings; and requesting permission for sons of Israel to get out of Egypt. Then they presented him the great sign. But he was taken by disbelief and arrogance and threatened them to death.
Believer of the people of Pharaoh: In Pharaoh’s court was a believer man of Pharaoh’s family hiding his faith all the time. His language rushed to defend Moses and to stultify the idea of killing him, stating that Moses only said that Allah was his Lord and brought proofs that his appeal was the truth. He added that nothing made thrones fall more than murdering innocent people. So the proposal of killing Moses fell.
The day of festival: Both parties began gathering to a date they agreed on, where magicians would confront and respond to Moses. When it was the day of festival and both parties showed up, Pharaoh reassured rewards and prestige magicians. As the ceremony started, Moses gave priority to magicians, who presented their lies and juggling, but when he threw his stick, it swallowed the lies of magicians whom returned docile.
Believing of witches: Pharaoh’s magicians prostrated themselves to Allah, proclaiming their faith in the Lord of the Worlds. Their conversion was a big shock to Pharaoh, who angrily threatened them to the strongest sanctions, like killing and crucifying. His threats, however, did not hold their intension, after witnessing evidences and getting to know their true Lord. So no room remained in their hearts for misguidance and error.
His miracles: Both Moses’ stick and his white hand were just preludes to nine decisive miracles, including drought, food shortage, flood, locusts, lice, frogs, blood. This is in addition to what happened in and after The Crossing, Torah that was written in the panels, the manna and quail in the desert, the cow that was slaughtered so the dead returned to life and the fish that returned to life after being grilled.
Exodus from Egypt: When Allah gave Moses permission to take his people out of Egypt, he gathered sons of Israel at night on the near shore of the sea. In the morning, vanguard of Pharaoh’s armies appeared to them. Allah ordered Moses to strike the sea with his stick, immediately the water was divided, as each side became like a high mountain. Then sons of Israel passed it, as Pharaoh was following them with his troops. When Pharaoh and his troops were totally inside it, the sea returned normal, so they all drowned in it.
His Book: Moses left his people for forty days at Tur Sinai Mount, where Allah revealed to him the Torah (Old Testament) which was written in tablets of stone. It was guidance, light and an encyclopedia of ethics and provisions of laws. The Torah is the oldest book of a divine religion that still exists in hands, despite distortion that marred it. It represents the first book of Judaism and much of the book of Christians.
The Samaritan calf: As soon as sons of Israel crossed the sea, they passed by some pagans worshiping idols, so they asked Moses to make their own idols! When Moses went to meet his Lord, they started worshiping a calf molten by a man named Samaritan. With his return, Moses smashed the calf, burned it up and expelled Samaritan.
His sufferance his people: When his people asked him to pray for rain, springs gushed from the stone with the number of their tribes. When they asked him to pray for food, manna and quails were sent down to them. They equivocated to slaughter of the cow. When they came to the door of the holy city, they stepped back, telling Moses to join his Lord to fight (their enemies). It was then when Moses prayed to his Lord to make difference between him and his brother and between villains.
Wandering: Allah condemned sons of Israel to wandering in the wilderness for forty years, punishing them for their decline of the divine order to enter the Holy Land. This punishment came after Moses reminded them of blessings Allah gave them, encouraged them to get in the Holy Land and warned them to neither step back nor flee. Wandering was another punishment to sons of Israel for their continuous rebellion against Moses and Aaron.
The good servant: Allah tested Moses by a good servant, whom Moses asked to be his accompanying, in order to learn. He had one condition on which Moses agreed; to ask him no question. As they were together, the man damaged a ship, killed a boy and built a wall for free for a village that deprived the host. Whenever Moses questioned him, the good servant reminded him of his commitment not to ask any questions. Finally and just before his departure, he explained to Moses reasons behind his actions.
His age and death: Moses grew older until he was 120 years old, before Allah passed away. All sources tell that he was buried in an unknown place, with only its name known as “Red Dune”, on the border of the Holy Land. Also the date of his death is unknown with certainty; but probably it was in the early of 13th century BC.